Frequently Asked Questions:

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Absolution: An ecclesiastical declaration of forgiveness of sins.

Absolutism: The acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in political, philosophical, ethical, or theological matters.

Acolyte: A person assisting the celebrant in a religious service or procession.

AD (A.D.): An acronym for anno domini, the year of the Lord.

Advent: The arrival of a notable person, thing, or event. Also, the first season of the Christian church year, leading up to Christmas and including the four preceding Sundays.

Agnostic: A person who believes that nothing is known or can be known of the existence or nature of God or of anything beyond material phenomena; a person who claims neither faith nor disbelief in God.

Altar: The table in a Christian church at which the bread and wine are consecrated in communion services.

Amen: Uttered at the end of a prayer or hymn, meaning "so be it."

Angel: A spiritual being believed to act as an attendant, agent, or messenger of God.

Angelologist: A person who studies angelology.

Angelology: The systematic study of angels or beliefs about angels. It is a major branch in theology.

Anti-Christ: The name of the demon who is supposed to precede the Second Coming of Christ, as mentioned in Revelation, 13. He is the universal enemy of mankind.

Apocalypse: Any prophetic writing or utterance of the end of the world and/or the anti-Christ.

Apostle: Any important early Christian teacher, especially St. Paul.

Archangel: An angel of high ranking.

Archbishop: The chief bishop responsible for an archdiocese.

Archdiocese: The district for which an archbishop is responsible.

Armageddon: The final conflict, the final war; primarily in utterance with the end of the world.

Atheism: Disbelief or lack of belief in the existence of God or gods.

Baptism (in the Christian Church): The religious rite of sprinkling water onto a person's forehead or of immersion in water, symbolizing purification or regeneration and admission to the Christian Church. In many denominations, baptism is performed on young children and is accompanied by name-giving.

Bar Mitzvah: The religious initiation ceremony of a Jewish boy who has reached the age of 13 and is regarded as ready to observe religious precepts and eligible to take part in public worship.

Bat Mitzvah: A religious initiation ceremony for a Jewish girl aged 12 years and one day, regarded as the age of religious maturity.

Belief: Trust, faith, or confidence in someone or something.

Believer: An adherent of a particular religion; someone with religious faith.

Bible: The Christian scriptures, consisting of the 66 books of the Old and New Testaments.

Bible Code: Also known as the Torah code, is a purported set of secret messages encoded within the Hebrew text of the Torah.

Biblicist: A person who interprets the Bible literally.

Bibliology: The study of the Bible and the doctrines derived from it.

Bishop: A senior member of the Christian clergy, typically in charge of a diocese and empowered to confer holy orders.

Black Witch: A practitioner of magic for the purposes of evil.

Buddhism: A religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies.

Calvinism: The Protestant theological system of John Calvin and his successors, which develops Luther's doctrine of justification by faith alone and emphasizes the grace of God and the doctrine of predestination.

Canon Law: Ecclesiastical law, especially (in the Roman Catholic Church) that laid down by papal pronouncements.

Canonize: In the Roman Catholic Church, officially declaring a dead person a saint.

Cardinal: A leading dignitary of the Roman Catholic Church. Cardinals are nominated by the Pope and form the Sacred College, which elects succeeding popes (now invariably from among their own number).

Catechism: A summary of the principles of Christian religion in the form of questions and answers, used for the instruction of Christians.

Catholicism: The faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church. It was founded by Saint Peter.

Celebrant: A person who performs a rite, especially a priest at the Eucharist.

Ceremony: A formal religious or public occasion, typically one celebrating a particular event or anniversary.

Chalice: The wine cup used in the Christian Eucharist.

Christianity: The religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices.

​​Cleansing: To get rid of negative energy by performing a ritual, typically using Sage or Palo Santo, or by reciting prayer(s).

Chanukah (Hanukkah): A lesser Jewish festival, lasting 8 days from the 25th day of Kislev (in December) and commemorating the rededication of the Temple in 165 BC by the Maccabees after its desecration by the Syrians. It is marked by the successive kindling of 8 lights.

Cherub: A winged angelic being described in biblical tradition as attending on God. It is represented in ancient Middle Eastern art as a lion or bull with eagles' wings and a human face, and regarded in traditional Christian angelology as an angel of the second highest order of the ninefold celestial hierarchy.

Cherubim: The second highest ranking class of angels who serve as God's caretakers.

Christmas: The annual Christian festival celebrating Christ's birth, held on December 25 in the Western Church.

Church: A building used for public Christian worship.

Clergy: The body of all people ordained for religious duties, especially in the Christian Church.

Commandment: A divine rule, especially one of the Ten Commandments.

Communion: The sharing or exchanging of intimate thoughts and feelings, especially when the exchange is on a mental or spiritual level.

Conditionalism: A concept of special salvation in which the gift of immortality is attached to (conditional upon) belief in Jesus Christ.

Confession: A statement setting out essential religious doctrine.

Confirmation: In Christianity, Confirmation is seen as the sealing of Christianity created in Baptism. Those being confirmed are known as confirmands.

Confucianism: A system of philosophical and ethical teachings founded by Confucius and developed by Mencius.

Congregation: A group of people assembled for religious worship.

Consubstantiality: Of the same substance or essence (used especially of the three persons of the Trinity in Christian theology).

Continuationism: A Christian theological belief that the gifts of the Holy Spirit have continued to the present age, specifically those sometimes called "sign gifts," such as tongues and prophecy.

Conversion: The act or an instance of converting or the process of being converted.

Corpus Christi: The Roman Rite liturgical solemnity celebrating the real presence of the body and blood of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, in the Eucharist—known as transubstantiation.

Coven: A group or gathering of witches who meet regularly.

Creed: A formal statement of Christian beliefs, especially the Apostles' Creed or the Nicene Creed.

Crucifix: A representation of a cross with a figure of Jesus Christ on it.

Dalai Lama: The spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism and, until the establishment of Chinese communist rule, the spiritual and temporal ruler of Tibet.

Daemon: A divinity or supernatural being of a nature between gods and humans. Also, an evil spirit or devil, especially one thought to possess a person or act as a tormentor in hell.

Deacon: In Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox churches, an ordained minister of an order ranking below that of priest.

Dead Sea Scrolls: A collection of manuscripts in Hebrew and Aramaic discovered in caves near the Dead Sea between 1947 and 1956.

Deicide: The killing of a god.

Deity: A god or goddess (in a polytheistic religion).

Demoniac: A person believed to be possessed by an evil spirit.

Demonology: The systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons. It is a major branch in theology.

Demonologist: A person who studies demonology.

Demonic Infestation: Typically, a demonic haunting which affects houses, things, or animals. No control has been taken of a person's mind, body, or soul.

Demonic Oppression: One is strongly influenced by a demonic entity; however the entity has not completely taken over.

Demonic Possession: An extremely rare occurrence. A demonic entity takes over one's body with or without permission.

Denomination: A recognized autonomous branch of the Christian Church.

Devil: In Christian and Jewish belief, the chief evil spirit; Satan.

Dharma: In Hinduism, the principle of cosmic order. In Buddhism, the teaching and religion of the Buddha.

Diocese: A district under the pastoral care of a bishop in the Christian Church.

Disciple: A personal follower of Jesus during his life, especially one of the 12 Apostles.

Ditheism: A belief in two gods, especially as independent and opposed principles of good and evil.

Divine: Of, from, or like God or a god.

Doctrine: A belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church, political party, or other group.

Dominions: Second Sphere angelic beings which regulate the duties of lower angels. It is only with extreme rarity that the angelic lords make themselves physically known to humans.

Dualism: The division of something conceptually into two opposed or contrasted aspects, or the state of being so divided.

Easter: The most important and oldest festival of the Christian Church, celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ and held (in the Western Church) between March 21 and April 25, on the first Sunday after the first full moon following the northern Spring equinox.

Eightfold Path: The path to nirvana, comprising 8 aspects in which an aspirant must become practiced: right views, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration.

Ecclesiology: Theology as applied to the nature and structure of the Christian Church.

Enlightenment: The action of enlightening or the state of being enlightened.

Epistomology: The theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its methods, validity, and scope. Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion.

Eschatology: The part of theology concerned with death, judgment, and the final destiny of the soul and of humankind.

Ethos: The characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its beliefs and aspirations.

Eucharist: The Christian ceremony commemorating the Last Supper, in which bread and wine are consecrated and consumed.

Faith: Strong belief in God or in the doctrines of a religion, based on spiritual apprehension rather than proof.

Fast; Fasting: To abstain from all or some kinds of food or drink, especially as a religious observance.

Fatalism: The belief that all events are predetermined and therefore inevitable.

Feng Shui: In Chinese thought, a system of laws considered to govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to the flow of energy (qi), and whose favorable or unfavorable effects are taken into account when siting and designing buildings.

Free Will: The power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate; the ability to act at one's own discretion.

Gautama Buddha: Also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

Gehenna: From post-biblical Hebrew gehinnom, "Hell, place of fiery torment for the dead."

God (in Christianity and other monotheistic religions): The creator and ruler of the universe and source of all moral authority; the supreme being.

God (in other religions): A superhuman being or spirit worshiped as having power over nature or human fortunes; a deity.

Good Friday: The Friday before Easter Sunday, on which the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ is commemorated in the Christian Church. It is traditionally a day of fasting and penance.

Grace: In Christian belief, the free and unmerited favor of God, as manifested in the salvation of sinners and the bestowal of blessings.

Gray Witch: A practitioner of magic that does not harm nor benefit others.

Guardian Angel: An angel that is assigned to protect and guide a particular person, group, kingdom, or country.

Hallelujah: "God be praised (uttered in worship or as an expression of rejoicing)."

Halloween: The night of October 31, the eve of All Saints' Day, commonly celebrated by children who dress in costume and solicit candy or other treats door-to-door.

Heathen: A person who does not belong to a widely held religion (especially one who is not a Christian, Jew, or Muslim) as regarded by those who do.

Heaven (or the Heavens): A common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, spirits, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.

Hell: In many religious and folkloric traditions, is a place or state of torment and punishment in an afterlife.

Heresy: Belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious (especially Christian) doctrine.

Heretic: A person believing in or practicing religious heresy.

Hijab: A head covering worn in public by some Muslim women.

Hinduism: A major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, developed from Vedic religion.

Holy: Dedicated or consecrated to God or a religious purpose; sacred.

Holy Spirit: In the belief of many Christians, one of the three persons in the one God, along with the Father and the Son (Jesus is the Son); the Holy Spirit is also called the Holy Ghost.

Holy Trinity: The Christian doctrine of the Trinity holds that God is three consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons."

Hymn: A religious song or poem, typically of praise to God or a god.

Hymnal: A book of hymns.

Idol: An image or representation of a god used as an object of worship.

Idolatry: The worship of idols.

Ignosticism: The idea that the question of the existence of God is meaningless because the term "God" has no coherent and unambiguous definition.

Immaculate Conception: The doctrine that God preserved the Virgin Mary from the taint of original sin from the moment she was conceived; it was defined as a dogma of the Roman Catholic Church in 1854.

Immanence: Refers to those philosophical and metaphysical theories of divine presence in which the divine encompasses or is manifested in the material world.

Incarnation: A person who embodies in the flesh a deity, spirit, or abstract quality.

Incubus: A male demon believed to have sexual intercourse with sleeping women.

Infidel: A person who does not believe in religion or who adheres to a religion other than one's own.

Intention: A thing intended; an aim or plan.

Intercession: The action of intervening on behalf of another.

Interfaith: Relating to or between different religions or members of different religions.

Islam: The religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.

Jesus Christ (of Nazareth): A prophet of the first century of our era; to Christians, Jesus Christ, the son of God, a person who was both God and man, the Messiah sent by God to save the human race from the sin it inherited through the Fall of Man.

John Calvin: A French theologian, pastor, and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation.

Judaism: The monotheistic religion of the Jews.

Last Judgment: The judgment of humankind expected in some religious traditions to take place at the end of the world.

Lesser Key of Solomon: Also known as Clavicula Salomonis Regis or Lemegeton, is an anonymous grimoire on demonology. It was compiled in the mid-17th century, mostly from materials a couple of centuries older.

Lucifer: Another name for Satan.

Lutheranism: A major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer, and theologian.

Martin Luther: A German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church and founded Lutheranism

Meditation: Can be defined as a practice where an individual uses a technique, such as focusing their mind on a particular object, thought or activity, to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state.

Message: A verbal, written, or recorded communication sent to or left for a recipient who cannot be contacted directly.

Monotheism: The doctrine or belief that there is only one God.

Moses: A prophet in the Abrahamic religions, according to their holy books. According to scholarly consensus, Moses is seen as a legendary, rather than historical, figure.

Muhammad: The founder of Islam. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet and God's messenger, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.

Mythology: A collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition. The study of myths.

New Testament: The second part of the Christian Bible, written originally in Greek and recording the life and teachings of Jesus and his earliest followers. It includes the 4 Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, 21 epistles by St. Paul and others, and the book of Revelation.

Nirvana: In Buddhism, a transcendent state in which there is neither suffering, desire, nor sense of self, and the subject is released from the effects of karma and the cycle of death and rebirth. It represents the final goal of Buddhism.

Old Testament: The first part of the Christian Bible, comprising 39 books and corresponding approximately to the Hebrew Bible. Most of the books were originally written in Hebrew, some in Aramaic, between about 1200 and 100 BC. They comprise the chief texts of the law, history, prophecy, and wisdom literature of the ancient people of Israel.

Paganism: A religion other than one of the main world religions, specifically a non-Christian or pre-Christian religion.

Polytheism: The belief in or worship of more than one God.

Pope: The bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church.

Powers: Second Sphere angelic beings, the bearers of conscience and the keepers of history. They are also the warrior angels created to be completely loyal to God.

Prayer: An invocation or act that seeks to activate a rapport with an object of worship through deliberate communication. Prayer can be a form of religious practice, may be either individual or communal and take place in public or in private.

Priest: An ordained minister of the Catholic, Orthodox, or Anglican Church having the authority to perform certain rites and administer certain sacraments.

Principalities: Third Sphere angelic beings that guide and protect nations, or groups of people, and institutions such as the Church. The Principalities preside over the bands of angels and charge them with fulfilling the divine ministry.

Profane: Relating or devoted to that which is not sacred or biblical; secular rather than religious.

Protestantism: The faith, practice, and church order of the Protestant churches.

Purgatory: In Roman Catholic theology, is an intermediate state after physical death in which some of those ultimately destined for heaven must first "undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven."

Reconciliation: in Christian theology, is an element of salvation that refers to the results of atonement. Reconciliation is the end of the estrangement, caused by original sin, between God and humanity.

Resurrection: In Christian belief, Christ's rising from the dead.

Revelation: The divine or supernatural disclosure to humans of something relating to human existence or the world.

Ritual: A religious or solemn ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed according to a prescribed order.

Rosary: In the Roman Catholic Church, a form of devotion in which 5 (or 15) decades of Hail Marys are repeated, each decade preceded by an Our Father and followed by a Glory Be.

Sacrament: A religious ceremony or act of the Christian Church that is regarded as an outward and visible sign of inward and spiritual divine grace, in particular.

Sacred: Connected with God (or the gods) or dedicated to a religious purpose and so deserving veneration.

Saint: A person acknowledged as holy or virtuous and typically regarded as being in heaven after death.

Satan: The angel who in Jewish belief is commanded by God to tempt humans to sin, to accuse the sinners, and to carry out God's punishment.

Second Coming: The prophesied return of Christ to earth at the Last Judgment.

Seraph: An angelic being, regarded in traditional Christian angelology as belonging to the highest order of the ninefold celestial hierarchy, associated with light, ardor, and purity.

Seraphim: The highest-ranking members of the angelic class who serve as God's caretakers.

Sign: An object, quality, or event whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else.

Solomon: Also called Jedidiah, was, according to the Hebrew Bible, Quran, Hadith and Hidden Words, a fabulously wealthy and wise king of Israel who succeeded his father, King David.

Soul: The spiritual or immaterial part of a human being or animal, regarded as immortal.

Spirit: The non-physical part of a person that is the seat of emotions and character; the soul.

Supernatural: Attributed to some force beyond scientific understanding or the laws of nature.

Symbol: A mark or character used as a conventional representation of an object, function, or process.

Taoism: A Chinese philosophy based on the writings of Lao-tzu (fl. 6th century BC), advocating humility and religious piety.

Ten Commandments: Laws or rules handed down to Moses by God on Mount Sinai.

Testament of Solomon: An Old Testament pseudepigraphical work ascribed to King Solomon. It describes how Solomon was enabled to build his temple by commanding demons by means of a magical ring that was entrusted to him by the Archangel Michael.

Theism: Belief in the existence of a God or gods, especially belief in one God as creator of the universe, intervening in it, and sustaining a personal relation to his creatures.

Theologian: A person who engages or is an expert in theology.

Theology: The study of the nature of God and religious belief. ​

Torah: In Judaism, the law of God as revealed to Moses and recorded in the first 5 books of the Hebrew scriptures (the Pentateuch).

Tower of Babel: An ancient city in the land of Shinar in which the building of a tower  intended to reach heaven was begun and the confusion of the language of the people took place.

Thrones: The third highest ranking angel class who serve as God's caretakers. They are the carriers of the Throne of God.

Transubstantiation: Especially in the Roman Catholic Church, the conversion of the substance of the Eucharistic elements into the body and blood of Christ at consecration, only the appearances of bread and wine still remaining.

Underworld (or Netherworld): Is an otherworld thought to be deep underground or beneath the surface of the world in most religions and mythologies. Typically, it is a place where the souls of the departed go, an afterlife or a realm of the dead.

Virtues: Second Sphere angelic beings through which religious signs and miracles are made in the world.

Wicca: A form of modern paganism, especially a tradition founded in England in the mid 20th century and claiming its origins in pre-Christian religions.

Witch: A woman thought to have magic powers. Also, members of the Wiccan faith.

White Witch: A person who practices magic for altruistic purposes.

Yin-Yang: In Chinese philosophy, yin-yang describes how seemingly opposite or contrary forces may actually be complementary, interconnected, and interdependent in the natural world, and how they may give rise to each other as they interrelate to one another.

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